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Glossary of Mortgage Terms

Glossary of Mortgage Terms

Additional Security Fee

An Additional Security Fee (Mortgage Indemnity Guarantee policy) is that the fee is taken to urge Associate in Nursing insurance which will cowl your lender so if you fail payments, he won't suffer any loss. you've got to pay the extra Security Fee and therefore the premium together with your mortgage advance. though you're paying the premium, bear in mind that this policy is for the protection of your lender and not for you.

Administration Fee

The administration fee is that the quantity charged by your lender to start outperforming on the documentation a part of your loan application. It includes the house valuation fee yet. The administration fee won't be refunded although your valuation isn't done or if your application has been rejected.

Adverse Credit

Adverse credit happens once you have a history of dangerous credit, bankruptcy, CCJ, or loan arrears. Adverse credit may be known as dangerous credit, poor credit, or it is the same that you simply have a coffee credit score.

Agricultural Restriction

An agricultural prohibition may be a rule which can restrict you from holding a property if your occupation is in any means associated with agriculture.

Annual share Rate

The Annual share Rate is that the rate at that you borrow cash from the lender. It includes all the initial fees and current prices that you simply pay throughout the mortgage term. because the name suggests, annual share rate, or APR, is that the price of a mortgage quoted in a very yearly rate. The annual share rate may be a great way to match the offers from completely different lenders supported the annual price of every loan.


Apportionment, or sharing out, maybe a facility that permits you to divide the responsibility for utilities, property taxes, etc. with the customer or the vendor of the property once you square measure either marketing or shopping for the property.


Arrears happen once you fail your mortgage payment or the other variety of debt payment. If you've got arrears on the record of your current mortgage, you may face issues once you need to appear at remortgaging or obtaining a replacement mortgage.

Arrangement Fee

An arrangement fee is that the quantity you've got to pay your lender to access explicit mortgage deals. whereas sorting out a hard and fast rate, cash back, or discounted rate mortgage, you may pay this fee at the time that you simply submit your application, it should be side to the loan upon completion of the term, or it'll be subtracted from the loan on completion.


An assignment is that the document transferring the lease of the property or rights of possession from a marketer to a purchaser. it's going to be Associate in Nursing endowment policy to the savings and loan association in reference to a mortgage.


ASU is Accident, Sickness, Associate in Nursing state insurance that covers your mortgage payments just in case of Associate in Nursing accident, a sickness, or involuntary state.


An auction is that the public sale of a property to the one that quotes the highest bid. the best bidder should sign a binding contract that ensures that he does all valuations, searches, etc. before the sale of the property.

Authority to examine the Register

An authority to examine the registered document may be a document fro the legal or registered owner of a property permitting the solicitor of the buyer to urge data regarding the property.

Banker Draft

A banker draft may be thanks to building a payment. In look, it's identified as a cheque, however, in the impact, it's a money payment. the money is given to the bank, and that they issue a cheque that's certified to be sensible for the given quantity.

Base Rate huntsman

Base rate Huntsman may be a variety of mortgage during which the rate is variable, however, it's set at a premium (above) the Bank of European country rate of interest for an amount or for the complete term of the mortgage. the most effective half regarding this sort of mortgage is that it's very little or no redemption penalty. this suggests that by creating overpayments, you may be able to economize on interest by paying off your mortgage ahead of the prearranged date on the initial mortgage contract.

Booking Fee

A booking fee or arrangement fee is charged once applying for a hard and fast or a capped rate loan. Booking fees square measure commonly non-refundable if charged direct, however generally the booking fee is side to your final mortgage payment.

Bridging Loan

A bridging loan is beneficial once you need to buy a property, however, your ability to try and do this is contingent upon the sale of your recent property. this is often a really short term loan that's paid off as presently as your recent property sells. Speak with a loan consultant before eliminating a bridging loan to take care it's the most effective choice for you.

Broker Fee

A broker fee is paid to your debt adviser or different negotiant that assists you find the most effective mortgage or loan deal for your circumstances. BSA BSA, or the Building Societies Association, may be a cluster that works within the interest of member societies.

Building Societies Commission

The Building Societies Commission may be a restrictive organization for Building Societies. This commission reports to the Treasury Ministers.

Building Society

A savings and loan association may be a mutual organization that provides you cash to shop for or remortgage residential properties. This cash comes from individual investors UN agency square measure paid interest on their funds. a little savings and loan association funds are additionally raised through business cash markets.


When you purchase a property for the only purpose of dealing it out, you'll be able to apply for a buy-to-let mortgage. The payments for this sort of mortgage square measure calculated supported your projected income rather than your income.

Capital and Interest

Your monthly mortgage payments contain 2 parts: the interest and therefore the capital. The interest payment may be a payment on the interest balance of your loan. The capital payment may be a payment on the number that you simply borrowed.

Capital Raising

Capital raising usually suggests that refinance mortgage for the next quantity than you wish to pay off your existing mortgage so as to use the surplus cash for different personal monetary uses.

Capped Rate

A capped rate is Associate in Nursing rate which will not exceed the quality variable rate for a group amount of your time (from 1-5 years) that's determined by you and your lender. If the quality variable rate falls below your capped rate, your rate can decrease consequently.

Cash Back

Cashback is that the quantity you receive once you get rid of a mortgage, {the quantity|the quantity|the number} is also mounted or a share of your mortgage amount.


CCJ stands for County Court Judgment. this is often a choice reached by a county court against you once you have defaulted on your debt payments. If you clear the debt in question in a very set quantity of your time, a satisfactory note is placed on your credit report back to signify that the debt is taken care of.

Centralized lender

A centralized lender may be a mortgage lender that doesn't accept a branch network for distribution. Centralized disposition is currently provided by many building societies. These societies operate severally from their branch networks, and that they believe completely on mortgages from negotiant sources.


A charge is any interest on a mortgage to that a freehold or landed estate property is control.

Charge Certificate

A charge certificate may be a certificate issued by hectometer Land register to you together with your name because of the registered title for a given property. This certificate contains details of restrictions, mortgages, and different interests. it's 3 completely different parts: a charges register, a property register, and a proprietary register. If there's no mortgage on the property, it's known as a Land Certificate, and it's issued to the registered owner.


Chattels square measure transportable things in your houses like furnishings or your personal possessions. Chief RentChief rent is paid by the owner of a freehold property. this is often identified because the rent that's paid by a lessee.


Council of Mortgage Lenders


Completion may be a term that explains that you simply became the owner of your house once finishing the formalities of the sale and therefore the purchase of the property.

Conditional Insurance

When you get rid of a hard and fast or discounted rate mortgage, your lender could {try to|attempt to|try Associate in Nursingd} persuade you to require out Associate in Nursing insurance which will cowl any uncomprehensible payments because of an unhealthiness, an accident, or state.


A contract may be a lawfully binding sale agreement. There square measure 2 identical copies signed by each the customer and therefore the marketer, and every party keeps a duplicate for his or her records. Once each party has signed the contract, they're committed to the terms of the agreement.


A conveyance is that the deed by that a freehold, unregistered title is transferred. The deed is termed Associate in the Nursing assignment if your property is unregistered or landed estate. If the property is registered, the deed has termed a transfer.


Conveyancing is that the legal method by that the shopping for and therefore the marketing of property come about.


A covenant is an Associate in the Nursing assurance given in a very deed. Credit ScoringCredit evaluation is that the procedure by that a lender evaluates your paying capability before providing a loan or mortgage.

Credit Search

A credit search is completed by a lender and an agency to go looking your records for CCJs and different indicators of dangerous credit.

Debt Consolidation

Debt consolidation is that the method by that you are taking out a loan or mortgage so as to pay off a variety of high-interest debts. By doing this, you may solely have to be compelled to build one payment monthly, and you may save considerably on interest charges.


A deed may be a document that denotes the owner of a given property. you'll be able to transfer a title to each freehold and landed estate with a deed.


A deposit is the quantity of cash you set down toward shopping for a property.


Disbursements square measure any quantity you pay to solicitors against land register fees, searches, faxes, etc

Discounted Rate

Discounted rates square measure wont to attract new borrowers to lenders by setting the rate below the quality variable rate for a secured amount of your time. If you repay the complete discounted rate mortgage inside the primary few years, your lender could charge you early redemption penalties.

Early Redemption Penalty

An early redemption penalty is charged by your lender if you are doing a section or full payment of your mortgage quantity before the completion of your mortgage term. These penalties will be charged if you opt to remortgage and move your mortgage to a replacement lender. Early redemption penalties principally apply to mounted rate, discounted rate, and money back mortgages.


An easement is that the right control by one owner to create use of the land of another for a restricted purpose, sort of a right of passage.

Endowment Mortgage

An endowment mortgage is an Associate in Nursing interest solely mortgage supported by Associate in Nursing endowment policy. throughout the term of the mortgage, you may pay solely interest to the lender, Associate in Nursing your premiums square measure alternately paid into an endowment policy which can mature over the term of your mortgage. The endowment policy is intended to pay off your mortgage yet as act as insurance. However, you can't depend upon this quantity to be spare to pay all of your debt.


There square measure differing types of endowments, however here Associate in Nursing endowment may be an insurance policy which will pay off your interest solely mortgage.


Equity is the quantity useful in your home. it's the worth of your home less the number left to be repaid on your mortgage.

Equity unharness

Equity unharness may be a suggests that of cathartic cash from the worth of your home either in a very payment or in monthly installments. This cash is also used for home enhancements, debt consolidation, or different massive expenses.

Exchange of Contracts

Exchange of contracts happens once the customer and therefore the marketer of a property sign and swap the contracts that detail the property, the price, the date, and therefore the terms of the arrangement. once the contracts square measure signed, they become lawfully binding, and action is taken against anyone UN agency breaks the contract.

Existing Liabilities

Existing liabilities square measure all monetary commitments outside of your mortgage. Existing liabilities could embrace bank loans, MasterCard debit, maintenance payments, etc.

First Time patrons (FTB or FTP)

A first-time purchaser is one UN agency has ne'er in hand property before.

Fixed Rate

A fixed rate is once you pay a hard and fast quantity of interest on a loan for a hard and fast amount of your time. Lenders give mounted rate loans for brief periods of your time (three-six months) all the high to twenty-five years. Early redemption penalties apply if you pay off the mortgage before the top of the mounted rate term.

Flexible Theme

A flexible theme may be a new means of hard mortgage interest charges. Lenders calculate interest on a routine rather than on Associate in Nursing annual basis. The new interest rates can solely have an effect on the remaining balance of the mortgage. By creating regular overpayments, you'll be able to repay the loan quicker thereby saving tons on interest charges.


A fixture is an Associate in Nursing item connected to your property, and thus it's lawfully a part of the property.


Freehold implies that you've got possession of a property for Associate in Nursing indefinite amount of your time. this is often in distinction to the landed estate which implies that the property is merely underneath your management for a restricted amount of your time.

Further Advance

A further advance is an Associate in Nursing add-on loan to your existing mortgage from your existing lender. the money from an extra advance is also used for home enhancements, to buy a freehold property, or for private functions like debt consolidation.


A sponsor may be a one that guarantees the lender that the recipient is eligible for a loan or mortgage. If the recipient fails to create payments, the sponsor can build them.


Gazumping happens once a marketer agrees to sell a property to at least one person, and that they proceed to say no that supply in favor of the next one.

Ground Rent

Ground rent is that the quantity that a lessee must pay to the landholder every year.

Home Buyer Report

A vendee report is formed by a lender once a mortgage valuation has been done and before the complete survey takes place so as to convey the recipient a whole understanding of the property they're thinking of shopping for.

Income Multipliers

A financial gain number may be a variety of calculation that a lender can use to calculate the number a recipient will receive. the foremost common financial gain number is thrice one financial gain or 2 and a [*fr1] times joint financial gain. The lender can opt for the one that yields the upper figure. Lenders square measure additional versatile if your LTV quantitative relation is low.

Income Protection Insurance

With financial gain protection insurance, your monthly payments are lined within the case of unhealthiness, accident, or state.


A negotiant may be an intercessor UN agency finds the most effective mortgage for you, and that they conjointly organize the mortgage for you on your behalf.

Land register Fee

A land register fee is paid once you need to register your possession of a property or once you need to alter the registered title of a property.


Unlike freehold during which a property is in hand, landed estate is once a property is in hand, however, the land that it's designed on isn't in hand by the lessee. Their management of the property is merely for a group range of years.

Licensed lawyer

A commissioned lawyer is sort of a solicitor therein they focus on the legalities of shopping for and marketing property.

Local Authority Search

A local authority search is formed by the solicitor of the folks that decide to get your property. They check to create positive there aren't any planned developments on the property like roads or buildings. they're going to check for any coming up with permissions or social control notices announce on your property.


LTV, or loan to worth, is that the share derived from dividing the worth of your property by the number of your mortgage. a coffee LTV is far less risky for lenders than a 100% LTV.

Loan Consolidation

Loan consolidation happens once a loan is taken intent on repaying another loan with the next rate or to repay a variety of high-interest debts. Loan consolidation is commonly achieved through remortgaging.


A MIG, or mortgage indemnity guarantee, is insurance one gets rid of to hide their lender within the case that their property is repossessed, and therefore the lender is unable to urge they're a reimbursement. A MIG is acquired upon completion of a mortgage.


MIRAS, or mortgage interest relief at supply, was a tax relief given to those with mortgages, however, this relief was abolished by the govt in April of 2000.


A mortgage may be a loan that permits somebody to shop for a property. The property itself is the security for the loan.


The creditor is that the company or organization that finances your mortgage.


The mortgage is that the person eliminating the mortgage to shop for a property.


MPPI, or mortgage payment protection insurance, is insurance one gets rid of within the case of Associate in Nursing accident, an illness, or involuntary state that may render them incapable of creating their monthly mortgage payment.


MRP, or mortgage compensation protection, is insurance taken out through your lender throughout the term of your loan.

Negative Equity

Negative equity happens once the money you owe to your mortgage lender is bigger than the worth of your property. individuals realize themselves in negative equity things after they get rid of 100% LTV mortgages.


An overpayment happens once you pay quite the regular monthly payment on your mortgage so the mortgage is repaid before the top of the mortgage term. With overpayments, you'll be able to economize on interest, however, you'll even be charged Associate in Nursing early redemption penalty. Payment holiday payment vacation may be an amount throughout that you create no creditor payments. this is often commonly on the market with versatile mortgages solely.


A PEP, or personal equity set up, permits you to have shares or unit trusts while not paying any taxes.

Personal Pension

A personal pension provides for your monetary desires once retirement. you create structured payments into your pension savings throughout your operating years. Often, a number of this cash is also taken intent on pay off your mortgage liabilities.


Portability may be a term wont to describe a mortgage which will be transferred between properties once you move from one house to a different.


Redemption is once you pay off your mortgage, once you remortgage, or once you move to a replacement house.

Remittance Fee

A remittal fee is charged by a lender for causation the number of a mortgage to your solicitor.


A remortgage may be a loan taken out from a replacement lender or a loan renegotiated together with your existing lender to pay off your existing mortgage. this is often done to decrease the rate you're paying or to boost additional capital.

Repayment Mortgages

A compensation mortgage is once {part of|a part of} your monthly payment goes toward the interest and another part of the payment goes toward the principal. this is often conjointly called capital and interest mortgage. If payments square measure created often, the complete addition of the loan is repaid by the top of the term.


Retention is that the quantity that your lender keeps unfinished till bound conditions of your mortgage square measure met.


Repossession may be a legal method by that your encumbered property comes underneath the management of your lender because of incomplete compensation. Your property could then be sold-out at public auction.

Right to shop for

Right to shop for implies that you're lawfully able to purchase the property at a reduced rate if you've got been a tenant for an extended enough amount of your time.

Sealing Fee

A waterproofing fee is an Associate in Nursing quantity charged by your lender once you repay your mortgage.

Self Certification of financial gain

Self-certification of financial gain implies that you make sure what quantity you earn, and therefore the lender doesn't would like proof of your financial gain from a 3rd party. Self Certification is beneficial for self-utilized individuals or contract staff.

Shared Possession

Shared possession may be a theme devised by housing associations that needs you to pay mortgage payments on the part of a property that you simply own whereas you furthermore may build monthly rent payments on the portion of the property in hand by the building association.


Solicitors square measure those that offer legal recommendation and perform all the legal work for mortgage and remortgage transactions. Stamp Duty taxation may be a tax paid to the govt on the acquisition of a property.


The SVR, or commonplace variable rate, is the rate of interest of the lender. it's subject to alter at any time betting on the lender. The Sluzhba Vneshney Razvedki can fluctuate supported the Us Bank Mortgage of European country rate of interest.

Structural Survey

A structural survey is the thorough examination of a property administered by the knowledgeable surveyor.


Tenure suggests that the kind of rights someone has over property or the land it stands on. Tenure can be freehold or landed estate, as an example.


The term of a mortgage is that the range of years over that you propose to pay your mortgage off.

Tie-in amount

A fastening amount is an Associate in the Nursing quantity of your time that you're absolute to an investor. fastening periods typically exist with special mortgage deals like mounted, capped, or discounted rates. If you progress your mortgage to a special investor throughout this era, you're subject to Associate in Nursing early redemption fee.

Title Deeds

A deed may be a document that validates the possession of your property. A deed proves your true and right to your property.

Transfer Deed

A transfer deed may be a legal deed used for transferring the possession of your property to a purchaser.


The term unencumbered implies that you own your property outright with no mortgages or loans against it.


Property valuation may be a survey conducted on a property by a professional surveyor so as to assess the worth of the property. This valuation is completed on behalf of your lender so they're able to make sure the worth of your property.

Variable Rate

A variable rate implies that your rate could modification from month to month thereby inflicting your payments to fluctuate monthly.


A merchant is a person from whom you get a property.

Kenitchou kamel eddine is a real estate blogger and editor. Email your real estate news ideas at [email protected] facebook twitter pinterest tumblr